- Nymphs are the baby termites that haven’t yet been assigned a role and haven’t reached their full size.
- Soldiers are tasked with protecting the colony. Typically soldier termites make up less than 3% of their colony population. The soldiers have enlarged, darkened heads and enlarged jaws to help them fight off potential dangers.
- Workers are the backbone of the intrusion and make up the majority of it. It is their duty to build, manage and repair the colony when needed. They also help care for the young (nymphs) and the are responsible for foraging the food.
- Reproductives are winged and responsible for the reproduction process. Also known as swarmers, these alates have a darker body and long wings. After they leave their colony to mate, they start a new colony often in the role of king or queen.
In the United States, there are over 40 types of termites. These species all fall under one of the main three termite types. The three types of termites include the subterranean termite, the dampwood termite and drywood termite. While all under the termite umbrella these species have as much in common as they have had to separate them. One thing these three types all have in common is that in any colony of termites each member serves an individual purpose. The four members of a colony include nymphs, soldiers, workers and reproductives.