Chances are you are familiar with the word termites. You also probably know some of the costly damage they can cause but if you’ve been trying to learn more about them you may have come across some terms you haven’t seen before.
Here are some common terms you may find in relation to this wood eating pest.
Alate: Is a term used to describe insects with wings or a wing like appendages.
Mud Tubes: (Also referred to as shelter tubes) Mud tubes are tunnels termites use to travel to and from the colony. These are often described the termite equivalent to human subway tunnels.
Detritivores: Are organisms that use organic waste as a food source. Dampwood termites are a great example as they eat decaying wood.
Colony: (Also referred to as a brood, nest, institution and swarm) The term colony references a group of termites that live together and make up a community.
Liquid Termite Treatments: Is one method of termite extermination. This is often the preferred method by most exterminators. Exterminators inject a liquid that is toxic to termites into the soil around the structure termites have infested to kill the colony slowly.
Baiting Systems: Baiting systems are used to treat termites by drawing them out. A bait is set using wood or wood products and a lethal liquid. Once termites are attracted to the bait, they ingest the poison and then take it back to their colony, infecting the others.
Frass: Frass are termite feces or waste. Often mistaken for sawdust, frass is small pellets in a granular shape in different colors.
Swarm: A swarm is a large group of insects flying together. In termites, this is the stage of life where they are mating and going to create a new colony.
Swarmer: Swarmers are the adult winged termites that leave their original colony (typically in the Spring) to mate. They have also known as the Reproductives.
Kick-out Holes: Are created by Drywood termites to discard the frass pellets out of the wood they have made their home in. Kick-out holes are typically several feet away from the space the termites predominantly occupy.
Termite Tracks: Termite tracks are created when subterranean termites carry soil to maintain moisture. Termite tracks are seen as mud spots between wood grains.
Galleries: Galleries are the large rooms Drywood termites carve out inside of wood to live in.