If you ask someone the difference between a rat and a mouse, they will typically assume it has something to do with the size. The differences between rats and mice are much more complex than body size. Each is a completely different genus. While they do have similar physical characteristics and both belong to the rodent family, there is definitely a difference between mouse and rat.
The first thing to understand is that the terms “rat” and “mouse” are not scientific terms. Both categories include different species and subspecies. The term rat typically refers to the genus Rattus. The Rattus genus includes the Norway Rat also known as The Brown Rat, the Roof Rat, Cotton Rats and much more. The word mice typically represent the Mus genus and include the House Mouse, the African pygmy mouse, the Deer Mouse and various others. Species in these two genes are recognized by different characteristics.
Often when you have a rodent infestation, you only discover it because you find droppings. Rodents can live secretly in your home for months before you might actually see one. One difference between a rat and a mouse is the size and shape of their droppings. Mice typically leave significant amounts of feces averaging about 65-150 a day. Mice droppings are spindle-shaped and about ¼ of an inch. Rats have larger pallets and therefore tend to produce fewer pallets at around 40-50 a day. Rat droppings are about ¾ inch long and ⅛ inch in diameter. They are curved resembling the shape of a banana.
Both rats and mice have tails, but there are subtle characteristics that can help you distinguish the difference. Mice have a thinner long tail, covered with little hairs. Rats have a thicker hairless tail.
Rats eat much more on a daily basis than mice do. Mice eat up to 20 times a day, an amount equalling three grams a day and only require three millimeters. Rats eat 15-30g and drink 15-60 millimeters of water a day. Rodents tend to store and hide food so it may be hard to determine which rodent you have based on the amount of food they scavenge.
As mentioned above, the difference in size is one of the biggest ways to determine the difference between the two animals. Mice have large ears and are 3-10 centimeters long. Rats have small ears and bodies that are 16-40 centimeters long.
Whether you have a rat or a mouse in your home, you should give Dustin Pest Control a call to schedule your rodent control services. Dustin Pest Control has been serving the Central Valley Fresno community for over 50 years – contact us today to get started!
With spring in full swing, it’s also a time for more ant infestations. Most ants are looking for sugary or greasy items to bring back to their colony. Knowing this and responding appropriately is key. Follow these tips to learn how to get rid of ants in the house.
Before you determine your plan of attack, it’s helpful to know what kind of ants you’re dealing with.
Carpenter Ants – If you start to find wood shavings laying around your home, you could have a carpenter ant infestation. These guys are looking for protein and are gnawing through moist wood to create nests.
Sugar Ants – These are the most common ant you’ll find in your home, usually in the springtime. Also known as odorous house ants, these guys are looking for food.
Black Ants – These incredibly tiny ants, also called pavement ants, are typically outdoor critters but will enter your home to scavenge for food.
The Basics – When it comes to ant control, prevention is key. Keeping a clean home and storing food in durable air-tight containers will shut off their food supply. Wiping down surfaces with disinfectant will remove any odor that could be attracting ants in search of food.
Considerations – Even the cleanest homes can have an ant infestation. Also bear in mind that over-the-counter ant spray will kill the ants you see, but will not provide a comprehensive solution that gets to the source of the colony.
When To Call In The Pros – Sometimes the ants just aren’t going to go away until you get professional help. Pest control experts can identify the source of the colony and eliminate the problem for good. In the case of carpenter ants, a more involved approach involving professionals is typically required, and a failure to do so can lead to structural damage (or worsen any current structural issues).
Having problems with an ant control issue? Contact Dustin Pest Control today to get started on a solution that works!